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Types and Causes of Bunions

Tuesday, 27 December 2022 00:00

Bunions, which are deformities in the toes, can be extremely painful. Most bunions occur on the big toe, forcing the bottom of the toe out and the tip of the toe inward toward the other toes. Another type of bunion is termed a bunionette, which causes the same effect, only this time it occurs on the little toe. Most people develop bunions because of a genetic predisposition to the deformity. The development of a bunion can be made worse by external factors. Among them is wearing shoes that are too tight or too small. Any footwear that pushes the toes inward may increase pressure on an already unstable toe joint. Some people with high arches are prone to developing bunions, as are those with flat feet. In some cases, ligaments in the toe structure may be loose, which contributes to abnormal movement of the bones. If you have bunions that have become painful and inhibit your ability to carry out daily activities, it is a good idea to visit a podiatrist. A number of treatment options, ranging from non-invasive to surgical, are available that can help correct this condition.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact one of our podiatrists of Foot & Ankle Institue. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.


  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development


  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in St. George, Hurricane, and Cedar City, UT and Mesquite, NV . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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